Here you can get some answers to the most common questions.
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The product is sent from the farms to temporary storage. Usually the soybeans can be shipped as they are but they can be dried until the correct humidity is achieved.
Then the soybeans are shipped to the harbour in a combination of trucks, rail and river. River and rail never by itself. We are excited by the new river transport system as it will be cheaper and more efficient.
Samples of the product is taken and it is genetically tested to see whether it conforms to expectations. NON GMO Soybeans are tested by independent laboratories after harvest. All soybeans are tested before loading on the ships. Other products may be treated differently.
Soybeans can basically be transported on ships in the following manners:
Usually the 40 ft. container is not a big gain in relation to 20 feet containers. This is because the 40 ft. containers can not be filled as they have a max. weight close to the 20 feet containers. However, shipping lines often prefer 40ft containers to Asia.
The cheapest is bulk. All the others are put in relation to bulk. Please contact os for the exact pricing.
The Stowage factor is the cubic meters necessary for one ton of product. Approximate numbers:
FOB means "free on board" and is our preferred way of working. We will cover all costs concerning transport from our land and the certified product on board the ship in a number of ports in Brazil. The buyer assumes the cost and risk of further transport.
We assume all costs and risk from our land to the port
of destiny. We will do this if pressured, but it entails a
lot more work. Please bear in mind we are not a shipping
company and prefer to concentrate on the farming.
C&F is CIF without insurance.
Our products are only shipped from Brazilian ports. The nearest is around 1500 kilometers from us. The usual ports are:
The loading capacity for bulk soybean is 1500 tons per hour for all three ports. So a ship with 30,000 tons capacity would take 20 hours to fill up from empty.
The market quotes (CBOT and local) definitely have a weight. Basically we need to make a fair profit. Our costs are many:
Look at the documents page. There we have specifications for our most sold products. You are always welcome to contact us for details.
Perhaps. We live up to Brazilian standards and
not everything can be changed. You could ask for blue
corn in squares and we would probably have to decline.
You could ask for max 11% humidity for soybeans and we
would do that for an extra cost, as it means more
time drying which then leads to a weight loss of the product
But generally speaking, we prefer and advice to stay within industry standards.
Furthermore, due to the way the soybean industry works in Brazil, we mostly sell grade #2 yellow soybean. Similar restrictions exist for other products.
When we sell a product like soybeans, the price is usually related to the CBOT quote. That quote is always in US dollars. But the internal pricing and costs in Brasil is in the Real, the Brazilian currency. If the dollar goes up, we will get at better price. OTOH machines and pesticides are likely to cost more. Vice versa if the Real goes up in relation to the dollar.
1200 Km by road, but we have possibilities of using rail and river transport a big part of the way.
We have land in 8 separate locations. 5 in Tocantins, 1 in Bahia and 2 in Maranhao. We are always looking for more good land and we are in the proecess of buying more.
For soybeans the CBOT price is given in US Cents per bushel. One bushel of soybeans is defined to be 60 pounds. 60 pounds is ,45359 kg. There are 36,7439 bushels in a Metric ton.
The formula is thus: 36,7439 * CBOT / 100
For corn the CBOT price is also given in US cents per bushel. But a bushel of corn is defined to be 56 pounds. There is consequently 39,3685 bushels in a metric ton.
The formula is thus: 39,3685 * CBOT / 100
For soybeans meal the CBOT price is given in USD per short ton. A short ton is 2000 pounds.
The formula is thus: CBOT / 2000 * 2204,6341
Check these two pages for more information on calculations and quotes: Weights and Measures and Market Quotes
In order to produce soybeans we work with these cycles:
The wet season in Tocantins is from October to May. It is in this period we grow and harvest our crops. Soybeans are planted from the 25th of October into November. The exact timing has to do with factors such as climate, type of soybean, time, ressources, and an eventual second crop. Soybean takes 90 to 130 days to mature depending on the variety. The harvest will be from February to March with delivery from March into April.
If a second crop of corn is necessary then a precocious variety of soybean (90 days) with early planting is chosen. Thus corn is planted right away after the harvest of soybean. The crop rotation is actually good for the land.
If using irrigation we can plant any time of the year and we can handle three crops per year. It will never be the same crop three times, as crops need to be alternated with other crops. Anyway, we only have irrigation available on a very small area for now.